Tomb effigy of Prince Premislaus I Noszak, 14th/15th century, photo taken during the Second World War
Parish Church of St. Mary Magdalene (former Dominican Church)
In 1408 Prince Premislaus I Noszak founded a new chapel dedicated to St. Andrew and helped to increase the income of the monastery in order to support 20 priests and 8 clerics. The monastery complex, apart from the church, consisted of monastic buildings surrounding an inner garden, and some outbuildings including the so-called "friars' well" which was used by the monks and later became known as the Three Brothers' Well.
The Dominican church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary originally occupied the space which later became the transept of the church which replaced it. Some time later the church was widened. The third stage of the architectural development of the Dominican church most probably took place during the rule of Prince Premislaus I Noszak; the building was reorientated. The existing church became the transept of the new Gothic church.
In the presbytery's wall there is tomb with an effigy of a Piast Prince, which was originally located in front of the altar over the Piasts' crypt. It is not known with certainty whose likeness is depicted. At the beginning of the 19th century it was generally believed that it is Prince Adam Wenceslas who returned the church and the monastery confiscated during the Reformation to the Dominicans. However, the statue is much older, dating from the turn of the 14th century and was sculpted by an artist linked to the workshop of Peter Parler. Apart from the Cieszyn Madonna this is the most important work of art to demonstrate the close links between Cieszyn and the Prague court of the Luxembourgs. It most probably depicts Prince Premislaus I Noszak who was a close adviser of Emperor Charles IV, and later of his son, King Wenceslas IV. The statue depicts the ruler as an older man in a majestic pose wearing a princely coronet with a sword in his hand, and resting his feet against a lion. Prince Premislaus I was one of the Dominican church's benefactors, for example founding the chapel of St. Andrew. It is also known that he was buried in the crypt of the church as were most of the other Cieszyn rulers of the Piasts' dynasty together with their families since the Dominican church was used by them as their final resting place. According to a document dating from 1408 the crypt of Prince Premislaus' ancestors was situated within the presbytery by the high altar (presently in the transept). Unfortunately as a result of the complete rebuilding of the church at the turn of the 18th century the original crypts were destroyed. Research carried out by a commission appointed for that reason in 1934 revealed the existence of numerous burial chambers under the church unconnected with each other. However, the condition of human remains found in the crypts made it impossible to identify any of the vaults with the tombs of Cieszyn Piasts. Remains of other people buried within the monastery but unrelated to the Piasts have survived in better condition, particularly the tomb of a Swedish noblewoman, Sigrid Brahe who died in 1608. Ornaments from her coffin are currently exhibited in the Museum of Cieszyn Silesia.
Przemyslaw I Noszak († 23 V 1410), albo Kazimierz I cieszynski († 1358), albo Przemyslaw Mlodszy († 1 I 1406) - nagrobek w kosciele Sw. Marii Magdaleny w Cieszynie
The town was the capital of the Duchy of Teschen since 1290, which was ruled by Piast dynasty until 1653
Надгробие Пшемыслова I Носака (Цешинского), князя Цешинского (Тешинское герцогство), Бытомского и Севежского. 1410 г. Костел св. Марии Магдалины, Цешин, Польша.
Przemyslaw I Noszak (Polish: Przemyslaw I Noszak, Czech: Premyslav I. Nosak, German: Przemislaus I. von Teschen; 1332/1336 – 23 May 1410), was a Duke of Cieszyn-Bytom-Siewierz from 1358 (during 1359–1368 he lost Siewierz and in 1405 also lost Bytom), from 1384 ruler over half of both Glogow and Scinawa (except during 1404–1406) and since 1401 ruler over Toszek.