P0274
 
P0274
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P0274a
 
Personal Data
Surname Wyard
First name John
Nickname  
Dating 1404
Location Meriden (alias Alspath)
Life dates +1404
Title Lord Mayor of London in 1375
Close relatives wife - Isabella, a Waldeive heiress
Type of the object alabaster tomb
Place of manufacturing
(place of burial)
 
Place of exposition  
Date of manufacturing  
Artist
Comments

east end of the south aisle, parish church of St Laurence, Meriden, Warwickshire, West Midlands

'Hic jacet Joh'es Wyard quondam armiger comitis de Warewick, fundator istius Cantarie, cuius anime propitietur Deus, amen' —is not now legible

made of Chellaston alabaster from Derbyshire and attributed to the London School of Carver

This gentleman had been 'squire (as the inscription relates) to Thomas de Beauchamp Earl of Warwick

his arms a cinquefoil on his breast

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P0274b
 
Personal Data
Surname Redford (Retford) of Castlethorpe manor
First name Henry
Nickname  
Dating 1409
Location Broughton
Life dates c1354- 1409
Title Knight of the Shire, Sheriff of Lincolnshire and the Speaker of the House of Commons
Close relatives father - Ralph de Retford (+ c1375)
wife (1) - (pre Easter 1385) Katherine Paynell
children
Henry dsp 1460
Elizabeth d1471
Eleanor
wife (2) - Mary ....... d1458/9
Type of the object tomb effigy
Place of manufacturing
(place of burial)
 
Place of exposition Church of St. Mary, Broughton, Lincolnshire, Britain
Date of manufacturing  
Artist
Comments

Broughton, Lincolnshire
Church of St. Mary.
Between the North chapel and the chancel is a fine monument to a member of the Redford family. This monument has on it two effigies of circa 1375 on a tomb chest with shields in cusped fields.

(Link)
Broughton Lincolnshire
Sir Henry Redford / Retford of Castlethorpe manor c1354- 1409, a lion at his feet, with 1st wife Katherine Paynell.
He was possibly the son of Ralph de Retford dc 1375 www.flickr.com/gp/52219527@N00/3rP51H of Castlethorpe in Broughton and also (held of the Neville fee) the manors of Irby on Humber and Rothwell.
He m (pre Easter 1385) Katherine daughter of Sir Ralph Paynell dc1374 & heiress to his estates of Caythorpe and Carlton Paynel and also estates in Broughton, Lincoln, Appleby Parva and Scawby
Katherine was the widow of Nicholas de Cantelowe d1371 & Sir John Auncell d 1379
Children
1. Henry dsp 1460 ++++ m 1432 Ellen ...... d1461 widow of a gascon treasurer of Harfleur
2. Elizabeth d1471 m pre 1420 Sir Maurice Bruyn, of South Ockendon d1466 (great grand parents of Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk)
3. Eleanor m William Lawe of Enville (parents of heiress Constance Lawe who married Peter Assheton & Eleanor Cornwall )
Sir Henry m2 Mary ....... d1458/9 who m2 Sir John Heron d1420 of Eschot, Eppleton, Twizel, Durham & Sawbridgeworth, Herts and m3 Sir William 4th Lord Clinton d1431
Mid 17c their effigies were moved from an earlier north chapel when the Anderson monument was built www.flickr.com/gp/52219527@N00/45k8e7 , and replaced another effigy on a chancel chest-tomb carved with 3 shields between rampant lions.
"Of violent and uncertain temper" in his youth, Sir Henry was probably the Henry Retford of Worlaby near Castlethorpe who obtained a royal pardon in November 1377 for murdering one of his neighbours followed by another pardon for a second indictment for murder, both pardons influenced by the Black Prince and his wife Joan of Kent. Previously in February 1376 he and 3 others were bound over in sureties of ?20 to keep the peace towards Robert Thresk, whom they had ‘threatened as to life and limb’
He seems to have reformed later as In 1384 he served on a number of royal commissions and was knighted.
After serving with Richard II on an ill-fated Scottish campaign in 1385 he accompanied John of Gaunt in 1386 on his expedition to Spain.
In November 1393 he joined the royal household, being retained by Richard II as a knight of the body at an annual fee of 40 marks payable for life. Together with a personal bodyguard comprising 1 esquire and 3 mounted archers, he accompanied the King to Ireland in September 1394 - He so impressed Richard that he was one of the ambassadors to Avignon & Rome in the failed attempt to end the papal schism. To his personal advantage before leaving Rome, he and his wife were given a papal indult allowing them to use a portable altar; and 2 licences for the plenary remission of sins at the hour of death, and for the upkeep of a private chapel with a baptismal font.
Under the lancastrian kings Henry served as High Sheriff of Lincolnshire 4 times and represented Lincolnshire in parliament as Knight of the Shire for 1400, and in 1401 & 1403 was summoned to the privy council.
In 1402 he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons. .
He died shortly before 16 June 1409, his son being still a minor. .++++ Sir Henry Retford the younger became sheriff of Lincolnshire in 1427, and was later made mayor of Bordeaux. Going over to the Yorkist side, he fought on the losing side at the battle of Ludlow in 1459, and was duly attained for treason by the Coventry Parliament, his estates being forfeit. He is thought to have died at the battle of Wakefield in 1460 again on the Yorkist side.
His sisters seem to have been co-heiresses of his lands.

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