A0366
 
A0366
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A0366a
 
Personal Data
Title Saint Mauritius (Maurice)
Dating 1250?
Location Magdeburg
Type of the object sculpture
Provenance  
Place of exposition Cathedral, Magdeburg, Germany
Date of manufacturing c.1250-1300
c. 1250
around 1240
Artist  
Comments

(Link)
Saint Maurice
1250
Cathedral de Magedeburg, Magdeburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany

St. Maurice Coat of Plates
This carved figure, c.1250-1300, is that of one of the earliest coat-of-plate configurations. The effigy is that of St. Maurice and it can be found in the Magdeburg Cathedral, Germany.

Der Statur des heiligen Mauritius (1250–1300) tragt einen Plattenpanzer uber dem Kettenhemd.

African St. Maurice c. 1250
Emperor Otto the Great, who had already received the lance of St. Maurice from his father Heinrich 1, and who received relics from st. Maurice from where the treasures of Burgundy are stored, particularly worshipped the saint and dedicated the cathedral and archidiocese of Magdeburg to him. From there the veneration of St. Maurice spread to a wide area.
This is probabally made c. 1250 and is missing the legs. To date, it is regarded as the earliest realistic figure of an African in central europe."

Magdeburg Cathedral
In the Magdeburg Cathedral is the oldest known image depicting Saint Maurice as a Moor ( = Mauritius). The statue is carved around 1250 and shows him as an armoured knight.
It could well be, that this statue is the oldest picture of an ethnic African in Mid-Europe.

Statue of Saint Maurice, Magdeburg, Germany. c.1250

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ST. MAURICE IN MAGDEBURG (CA. 1240)
This statue of St. Maurice in Magdeburg Cathedral dates from around 1240 and was probably made by the anonymous sculptor of the well-known Magdeburg Rider

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Mathias Goll suggested in his 2013 thesis a later dating of the coat of plates-clad st maurice statue in Magdeburg on the basis of his study of transitional armour. However, his argument makes no consessions to the art-historians researching the statue for the last century comparing the statue with the other statues at the site. And until their theories are discussed, their mid century date stands. The same goes for other martial historians' attempts at re-dating it.

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Vi nevner bare kjapt at den er av Blair 1958, og senere Goll tentativt re-datert til ca 1300, men uten stotte i kunsthistoriske dateringer.
Мы лишь вкратце упомянем, что это Блер 1958 г., а позже Голл предварительно повторно датировал его примерно 1300 г., но без поддержки в датировании истории искусства.

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A0366b
 
Personal Data
Title Guardian
Dating 1260?
Location Konstanz
Type of the object sculpture
Provenance  
Place of exposition ST.MAURICE’S ROTUNDA, KONSTANZER CATHEDRAL, BADEN-WÜRTTEMBERG, KONSTANZ, GERMANY
Date of manufacturing c. 1260
1286/1300
Artist  
Comments

The three coat of plates-clad guards sleeping at the ressurection of christ in the Mauritz rotunda in Konstanz has been redated from around 1280 to ca 1260. The date often given at ca 1260-80 is simply a combination of the two. See Stephan Bussmann 2001, Das Heilige Grab in Konstanz, diplomoppgave kunsthistorie, der Fachhochschule Köln. The statues have traces of polychromy (having been painted)

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Tidligere ble statuene datert til ca 1280 men i senere tid er de skjøvet tilbake til ca 1260. Bussman 2001 skriver at dateringene er uklar, men det må skrive seg fra før gulvet ble ombygd ca 1300. Kurmann 1985 daterte bygget etter Erdmann & Zettler 1977 til ca 1260, mens Hubel 1974 regnet en noe senere byggetid til 1260/70.
Раньше статуи датировались примерно 1280 годом, но в последнее время они были отодвинуты примерно до 1260 года. здание согласно Erdmann & Zettler 1977 до 1260, в то время как Hubel 1974 рассчитал несколько более позднее время строительства до 1260/70.

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Figurenzyklus im Inneren: Salbenkauf der Drei Marien bei Hippokras und Besuch am Grab
eTeil von: Heiliges Grab mit Figurenzyklus des Lebens Christi: Verkündigung, Heimsuchung, Geburt, Hirten und Könige
Standort:Konstanz, Münster & Unserer Lieben Frau, MauritiusrotundeDatierung:1286/1300Sachbegriff:Skulpturengruppe
Ortsbezug:Entstehungsort: Konstanz

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A0366c
 
Personal Data
Title Soldier
Dating 1323
Location Södra Råda
Type of the object painting
Provenance  
Place of exposition Church at Sodra Rada, Sweden
Date of manufacturing c. 1310
1323
Artist  
Comments

Ridder i Södra Råda gamle kyrka 1323, med type II plata. Beskåret og korrigert. Foto: Sven Rosborn CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons.

Sodra Rеda Old Church
Vдrmland, Sweden
c. 1310 - 12 November 2001
The medieval paintings had survived, and covered the walls and ceiling. In addition, inscriptions in the chancel and nave showed when they were executed. Stylistically, the chancel paintings, from 1323, were strongly influenced by French high Gothic art, particularly manuscript illumination. The scene above illustrates the martyrdom of St. Hypolitus.
Detail of a painting from 1323 illustrating the martyrdom of St. Hippolytus. The soldier on the left is wearing a mail coif similar to those found in the Korsbetningen mass graves. His kettle hat appears to be made of sections like a helmet found in Norway in 1898, now in the Museum of National Antiquities, Stockholm. Note the coat of plates worn by his companion

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Södra Råda Old Church (Swedish: Södra Råda gamla kyrka) was an early 14th-century timbered church in the parish of Södra Råda in Gullspång Municipality, Västra Götaland in Sweden.
The paintings covering the walls and the trefoil-shaped wooden ceiling of the church were considered one of the best and best-preserved examples of Scandinavian wall-painting from the Middle Ages. The oldest, anonymous, paintings in the chancel dated to 1323.

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A0366d
 
Personal Data
Surname Piast (świdnicko-jaworski)
First name Bernard II
Nickname "Stateczny"
Dating 1307
Location Unknown (Silesia, Swidnica, Jawor)
Life dates c. 1288-1291 - 1326
Title Duke of Jawor-Lwówek-Świdnica-Ziębice between 1301–1312 (with his brothers as co-rulers),
of Świdnica-Ziębice during 1312–1322 (with his brother as co-ruler),
and the sole Duke of Świdnica from 1322 until his death.
Close relatives father - Bolko (Bolesław) I the Strict ("Surowy, Chwalebny, Srogi, Wielki, Zasłuzony") Piast (1252-1256 - 1301)
mother - Beatrycze Brandenburskiej Askańskiej
wife - Kunegundę (Małgorzatę) Łokietkównę Piastównę
children:
Bolko II the Small (c. 1312 – 28 July 1368).
Constance (c. 1313 – by 21 November 1363), married by March 1326 to Duke Przemko II of Głogów.
Elisabeth (c. 1315 – 8/9 February 1348), married by 6 May 1326 to Duke Bolko II of Opole.
Henry II (c. 1316 – by 28 June 1345).
Beata (c. 1320 – after 9 April 1331).
Type of the object seal
Place of manufacturing
(place of burial)
 
Place of exposition  
Date of manufacturing possibly 1307
Artist
Comments

Bernard II "Stateczny" of Świdnica (possibly 1307)

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(Link)
Bernard (II) of Świdnica (Polish: Bernard świdnicki) (c. 1291 – 6 May 1326) was a Duke of Jawor-Lwówek-Świdnica-Ziębice between 1301–1312 (with his brothers as co-rulers), of Świdnica-Ziębice during 1312–1322 (with his brother as co-ruler), and the sole Duke of Świdnica from 1322 until his death.
He was the second son of Bolko I the Strict, Duke of Jawor-Lwówek-Świdnica-Ziębice, by his wife Beatrix, daughter of Otto V the Long, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel.

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