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Personal Data
Title Mars
Dating 1350?
Location Unknown (Netherlands, S.)
Type of the object manuscript illumination
Provenance Netherlands, S. (exact location unknown)
Place of exposition MS BL Sloane 3983, British Library, England
Date of manufacturing 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 14th century

Manuscript - BL Sloane 3983 Treatise on astrology
Folio 037r
From Netherlands (exact location unknown)
Holding Institution - British Library

Sloane 3983
Author Albumazar
Title Treatise on astrology
Origin Netherlands, S.
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous coloured drawings throughout.
Dimensions in mm 270 x 180 (210 x 140) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 49 + 1* (+ 1 paper and 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning, and 2 parchment and 1 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled red leather; gilt edges.
Provenance Inscribed, 16th-century(?): 'Ex libris Eustachij Wiltheim' (f. 1*).
Sir Hans Sloane (b. 1660, d. 1753), baronet, physician and collector.
Purchased as part of the Sloane collection from Sloane's executors and incorporated into the newly founded British Museum in 1753.
Notes ff. 9-11 misbound, originally after f. 23.

Personal Data
Title Mars
Dating 1403?
Location Brugge
Type of the object manuscript illumination
Provenance Bruges, Belgium
Place of exposition Manuscript - Morgan M.785 Astrological treatises, Morgan Library
Date of manufacturing  

Manuscript - Morgan M.785 Astrological treatises
Folio - 039r
Dating - 1401-1403
From - Bruges, Belgium
Holding Institution - Morgan Library

Record ID: 144038
Accession number: MS M.785
Title: Astrological treatises
Created: Bruges, Belgium, early 15th century, in or before 1403.
Binding: 20th-century blue half-leather by Marguerite Duprez Lahey.
Credit: Purchased in 1935.
Description: 52 leaves (2 columns, 45 lines), bound : vellum, ill. ; 254 x 175 mm
Presented to Jean de France, duc de Berry, on June 7, 1403 by Lubertus Hautschild, Abbot of S. Barthe?lemi of the Augustinian Abbey of Eeckhout at Bruges; this manuscript is mentioned in two inventories of the duke (partially erased inscription on last leaf, fol. 51v: ce livre est au duc duc de Berry JEHAN); Baron de Joursanvault (1748-1793), arms and ex-libris on added 18th-century title page and inscription "Le baron de Joursanvault, 1790" on fol. 51v; collections dispersed by his son in 1838; Henri Bandot of Dijon; M. Court of Dijon (1907); purchased from Jacques Rosenthal, l'Art Ancien, Zurich, in Jan. 1935.
Ms. astrological treatises by Abu? Ma?shar (also transliterated as Albumazar or Albumasar; b. Aug. 10, 787; d. 28 Ramad?a?n 272/8-3-886); written and illuminated in Bruges, Belgium, in or before 1403.
There are five extant manuscripts of the text of Morgan 785, an extensively illustrated and abridged Latin translation of the Arabic "Introduction to Astrology" of Abu Ma'shar (787-886) by Georgius Zothorus Zaparus Fendulus, whose name is given in the introduction (fol. 1r). The earliest copy of the Fendulus text is Paris, Bibliothe?que nationale MS Lat. 7330, ca. 1240. The direct prototype for M. 785 is a Franco-Flemish manuscript, ca. 1350, British Museum Sloan MS 3983. Although Fendulus states that he translated Abu Ma'shar's text from the original Persian, Abu Ma'shar wrote in Arabic, suggesting that Fendulus was working from Herman the Dalmatian's earlier Latin translation, rather than from the original source. All five copies of Fendulus's text share the same format and structure, and date from ca. 1220-1240 through 1500. For each zodiac sign there is a page of text, an illustration of the sign, and three folios of three registers each, illustrating the decans for each sign. Following the zodiac signs are seven planets, shown in their houses and counter-houses, and in exaltation and dejection.
Decoration: 76 pages of miniatures with zodiacal and astrological images.
Revised: 2015
Script: textura
Language: Latin

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