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Personal Data
Title King
Dating 1360?
Location Remetea
Type of the object fresco
Place of manufacturing  
Place of exposition Remetea, Bihor County, Romania
Date of manufacturing  

The Reformed Church in REMETEA (Bihor County, Romania)
Sancti reges Hungariae, Remetea
Place: The lower register of the north side of the semicircular wall of the choir.
Iconographic Context: The middle register of the choir is decorated with
representations of the apostles. Although their standing figures form an iconographic unit, the
apostles are separated by bands with similar decoration to that dividing the painted wall into
two registers (the upper register is still covered with plaster). The holy kings of Hungary are
flanked by a recess and an unidentified scene on the left side and hanging curtains on the
right side.
Description: Surrounded by a decorative frame, the three standing kings form an
iconographic unit isolated in the lower register. Their crowned heads with halos correspond
to iconographic convention showing a brown-bearded St. Ladislas, a white-bearded St.
Stephen, and a beardless St. Emeric. Their names are written in simplified gothic capitals and
their knight-like appearance is attested by armour, coats of mail, and metal elbow and knee
protectors, which are rendered with a care for detail; damaged in large extent, the costume of
the central character, St. Stephen, probably had the standard features. He holds a mace-like
scepter and St. Emeric holds a lily-shaped one; because a portion of the decoration is not
preserved, St. Ladislas' attribute is not visible, but would have been the usual battle axe. The
chivalric air of the latter is highlighted by the triangular shield, which he props up against the
Dating: The dating hypotheses proposed by different authors cover a wide interval
from the end of the thirteenth century to the late fifteenth century; Vasile Dr??gu??'s opinion
points to the first decades of the fifteenth century.
Bibliography: ??tef??nescu, L'art byzantin et l'art lombard en Transylvanie, 7-11;
Radocsay, A kozepkori Magyarorszag falkepei, 168-9; V????????ianu, Istoria artei feudale in
????rile Romane, 761-2; Dr??gu??, Pictura mural?? din Transilvania, 37-40; idem, Arta gotic?? in
Romania, 230-1; Porumb, Dic??ionar de pictur?? veche romaneasc?? din Transilvania, 332-3;
Langi and Mihaly, Erdelyi falkepek es festett faberendezesek II, 71-74.

Fresque des saints rois hongrois, eglise reformee de Remetea (Roumanie), mur nord-est de l'abside du ch?ur, debut du xve siecle. Les saints rois hongrois, de gauche a droite : Ladislas, Etienne, et Emeric.
(cl. D. E. Craciun, 2010)

Szent Laszlo, Szent Istvan, Szent Imre

The paiting of the Saint Apostles, The Holy Kings of Hungary, or Saint Ladisla s legend are only a few a these, daiting back tho the 1400s or the beginning of the XV th century.


Remetea (Hungarian: Magyarremete) is a commune in Bihor County, west of Romania. It is composed of five villages: Drăgoteni (Drágota), Meziad (Mézged), Petreasa (Petrász), Remetea and Șoimuș (Gyepüsolymos).
есть другая деревня Remetea в провинции Harghita County

Датировка установлена предположительно 1360?, по сходству с P0667, 1368 (кольчужные поножи и рукава, полунаголенник, чашки налокотников и наколенников) и на том основании, что в этом регионе (Королевство Венгрия) в 1370-х уже использовались полные поножи и наручи (A0019, 1378)

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