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Personal Data
Title Saint Michael
Dating 1419
Location Darjiu
Type of the object Fresko
Place of manufacturing South Wall, fortified church, Szekelyderzs, Darjiu, Romania
Place of exposition South Wall, fortified church, Szekelyderzs, Darjiu, Romania
Date of manufacturing 1419
Artist Paul of Ung


Detail of the fresco of St. Michael, at Szekelyderzs (Dirjiu, RO)

The Darjiu fortified church (Romanian: Biserica fortificata din Darjiu; Hungarian: Szekelyderzsi erodtemplom) is a Unitarian fortified church in Darjiu (Szekelyderzs), Harghita County, in the Transylvania region of Romania. It was built by the Szekely Hungarian community at a time when the area belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary. Initially Roman Catholic, it became Unitarian following the Reformatio
The church's interior features a partly destroyed but valuable series of mural paintings. These Gothic, Italian Renaissance-influenced works were executed in 1419 by Paul of Ung; the most detailed is a Conversion of Paul the Apostle that includes the artist's portrait. There and in The Pursuit of the Cuman, part of a Saint Ladislaus legend group, Paul managed to integrate the subject into the composition's other elements. Other subjects he painted were the Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand and several saint-bishops. Beneath his portrait, in Gothic minuscule, he wrote a love declaration in Latin: "This work did master Paul, son of Stephen of Ung, paint and prepare, AD 1419; he wrote this inscription while keeping in mind a beautiful girl". The damage to the frescoes occurred when the arches were built and later, in the 17th century, when a pulpit was installed.

"Hoc op[us] fec[it]d[e] pingere seu p[rae]parar[e] mag[iste]r
paul[us] fili[us] stephani d[e] ung an[n]o d[om]in[i] m[ilesi]mo
cccc[m]o x nono: scripto scri
bebat et pulc[h]ra[m] puella[m] i[n] mente tenebat."

"Hic fuit Paul(us) de Ung pictor. 1419."

The Saint Ladislaus legend in the Church of Sepsikilyen, Transylvania, Romania. Painted in 1419 by Ungi Istvan fia, Pal mester (Stephen Ung, son of Master Paul).

Fresko - Szent Laszlo legenda 3. - Szekelyderzs

Королевство Венгрия, к которому относилась эта территория (и мастер - de Ung (Ungarn)) находилась в этот период под властью Sigismund of Luxemburg (14 February 1368 – 9 December 1437) was Prince-elector of Brandenburg from 1378 until 1388 and from 1411 until 1415, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1387, King of Germany from 1411, King of Bohemia from 1419, King of Italy from 1431, and Holy Roman Emperor for four years from 1433 until 1437, the last male member of the House of Luxemburg
и, таким образом, данный комплекс следует отнести к Римской империи

Personal Data
Title Saint Ladislaus
Dating 1415?
Location Armaseni
Type of the object fresco
Place of exposition Armaseni (румын.) или Csikmenasag (венг.), HARGHITA COUNTY, ROMANIA
Date of manufacturing around 1410 or 1420


In the case of the fragmentary legend of Saint Ladislaus, it is also possible to confirm the master’s identity, as we are dealing with the work of the same master who worked in the Unitarian Church in Dârjiu (Hu: Székelyderzs) and the Roman Catholic church in Mihăileni (Hu: Csíkszentmihály). Of the frescoes in the three settlements, the one in Dârjiu, painted in 1419, is the best preserved and covering the largest surface, thus the missing scenes of the other two fragmentary paintings can be traced back in light of the former. In Armăşeni, the vault of the baroque gallery covers a large part of the painting, so only the last scenes have survived, those representing the cutting of the tendons and the killing of the Cuman. Nevertheless, based on the characteristically painted horse heads and armour, as well as on the decorative motifs of the background, painted with the use of patterns, it can be established without a doubt that we are dealing with the work of the same master, which can be dated to around 1410 or 1420. The restoration of the fresco fragments were completed by Attila Cimbalmos and his colleagues in 2011.

Csíkménaság vagy Csíkmenaság (románul: Armășeni) falu Romániában, Hargita megyében
Csíkmenaság или Csíkmenaság (румынский: Армашень) деревня в Румынии , уезд Харгита

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