P0616
 
P0616
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P0616a
 
Personal Data
Surname de Keynes (Kaynes, Kaignes)
First name William
Nickname  
Dating 1344?
Location Dodford
Life dates +1344
Title  
Close relatives father - Robert de Keynes (+1305)
son - John de Keynes
daughter - Elisabeth (1376)
Type of the object effigy
Place of manufacturing
(place of burial)
 
Place of exposition Church of St Mary the Virgin, Dodford, Northamptonshire
Date of manufacturing  
Artist
Comments

Church of St Mary the Virgin, Dodford: effigy of cross legged knight, believed to be Sir Robert de Keynes, c.1305

(Link)
In the centre of the arcade on a plain chest tomb the earliest is believed to be Sir Robert de Keynes (Pevsner) who died c.1305. It is of purbeck marble and is a recumbent effigy of a knight with crossed legs wearing band mail - a rare type of armour

(Link)
William de Keynes, died 1344. William wears a metal helm over a chainmail coif, a short surcote and carried a kite shaped shield. The figure was broken into 3 parts and restored. The son of William, John de Keynes was sheriff of Nottinghamshire and died 1366.

In the year 670 the parishes were defined and tithes set. In 1066 the Normans found a church had been established here and granted the estate to William de Keynes. In 1100 the Church was rebuilt by Williams son Ralph de Keynes. The font is 12th Century. The tower and north chapel were added in 1221 by William de Keynes. In 1350 Sir John de Keynes, son of Sir William de Keynes, reconstructed the church.

(Link)
there is also a low and plain altar tomb, formed of five slabs of Purbeck marble, with an effigy of the same material, representing a knight in that rare style of armour known as "banded mail," covered with a surcoat, and bearing a shield with the arms of Keynes; the figure is believed to commemorate the last Sir William de Keynes, who died 1305: under an arch in the north wall lies the dismembered wooden effigy of Hawise, mother of the last Sir Robert de Keynes, who was living in 1329: immediately in front of this monument is an altar-tomb, with freestone effigy of her great grand-daughter, Wentiliana de Keynes, lady of the manor of Dodford, and the last of this family, who died unmarried in 1376

(Link)
Keynes Coat of Arms
Blazon: Vair three bars gu.
Note: (Tarent, co. Dorset, temp. Henry I.). (Milton Keynes, co. Bucks).
Source: Burke, Sir Bernard. The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales. London: Harrison & Sons, 1884.

однозначной информации о принадлежности памятника не найдено.
в 19 веке памятник обычно приписывали Robert de Keynes (+1305)
некоторые источники относят его William de Keynes (+1344)
точной генеалогии семьи также не найдено

по датировке изображенный костюм близок 1320-м (кольчужные рукава с миттонами, налокотная чашка - см. P0236, 1325; P0270, 1329; P0152, 1327; P0077, 1324), а в 1340-х английские памятники изображали рыцарей с пластинчатыми элементами защиты рук и ног, хотя короткое сюрко (но уже выше колен и без поясного ремешка) более характерно для этого периода (см. P0331, 1342; P0612, 1348?; P0574, 1346)

 

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P0616b
 
Personal Data
Surname Govis (Guviz, Gouis)
First name Thomas (John?)
Nickname  
Dating 1350?
Location Tollard Royal
Life dates  
Title  
Close relatives  
Type of the object effigy
Place of manufacturing
(place of burial)
 
Place of exposition Church of St. Peter ad Vincula, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire, England
Date of manufacturing  
Artist
Comments

(Link)
14th century effigy of Sir William Payne.
Church of St. Peter ad Vincula, Tollard Royal

(Link)
At a short distance from Farnham is the village of Tollard Royal, not wholly unknown to antiquarian fame, on account of possessing in its little church the monument to Sir William Payne, who died about 1388, which is one of the only five examples known of banded mail

(Link)
The tomb of William Payne, Knight, who died in 1388 is a prominent feature of the nave.

(Link)
Alianor, the widow of John Gouis married Sir William Payne of East Lullworth, in Dorsetshire, and died in the 7th of Henry V. (1420), seized of a moiety of the Manor, and leaving Richard Grouis, her son and heir
According to Bowles, it is the eflSgy of the above-mentioned Sir William Payne, who married Alianor, widow of John Gouis, that is now in Tollard Church. Bowles says that he died in the 12th of Richard II. (I388)

(Link)
Effigy, St Peter ad Vincula, Tollard Royal The most important effigy in the church is of Sir William Payne, who died circa 1388. He is depicted as a crusader, but it is unlikely that he was.

(Link)
The most important is the effigy of Sir William Payne, who died ca. 1388. Although he is depicted with his legs crossed it is unlikely by that date that he would have been a crusader. The shield has an escutcheon of three lozenges, conventional representation of spindles with thread or wool wound on them. The armour is of banded mail. This is well known in manuscripts, brasses and sculpture, but is only found on four other effigies in England. Sir William came from Lulworth in Dorsetshire and married Alianor, widow of John Gouis. The Gouis held a moiety of the Manor of Tollard, which passed back to them on the death of Alianor, who outlived her husband.

(Link)
The rights of the Longespee family in Tollard were perhaps those later held by members of the Montagu and Mortimer families
(герб Montagu имеет три ромба (как на нашем гербе), только расположенные в ряд)

(Link)
John de Guviz (called son of Thomas) married Alianor before 1347, and died about 1350. She survived him, and subsequently married Thomas de Bridport and William Pa)me. Mr. Guviz had a son Richard who married Joanna Crukerne about 1347. She died before 1392, and he died about 1400

Наиболее вероятная датировка изображенного костюма - 1340-50-е (см. P0616, 1344?)
В это время у поместья было много владельцев, но наиболее определенным является John de Guviz (Govis, Gouis), который умер как раз в это время - 1350. После него владельцем стала его вдова, которая еще дважды выходила замуж, но в дальнейшем имение перешло к сыну John de Guviz - Richard, что также говорит об этой фамилии как наиболее вероятной для нашего персонажа. Герб семьи Govis однозначно определить не удалось.

(Link)
Thomas Freemantle or Govis settled the moiety on his son John and John's wife Eleanor in 1348. Eleanor, later wife of Thomas Bridport and of William Payne (d. 1388), (fn. 90) held it until her death in 1419. It passed to Eleanor Freemantle or Govis, granddaughter of Eleanor and John
здесь мы сталкиваемся с синонимом фамилии Govis - Freemantle, очень похожую на Freeman, герб которых как раз представляет собой три ромба, расположенных треугольником, а в некоторых вариантах - три ромба в ряд, как у Montagu. Поэтому вполне вероятно, что на памятнике изображен член семьи Govis - Thomas (наиболее вероятно - умер около или вскоре после 1348) или John (который владел имением всего пару лет) и датировка около 1350

 

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