Affreschi di Sant'Abbondio a Como
La chiesa di Sant'Abbondio risale nella sua forma attuale alla fine dell'XI secolo (la consacrazione risale al 1095). Molto interessante la sua struttura architettonica che presenta caratteristiche che evidenziano influenze nordiche, come la coppia di torri innestate nella parte terminale delle navate intermedie.L'abside e completamente ricoperta da un ciclo di affreschi risalente al primo quarto del 1300. Pur con alcuni licenze, i dettagli delle armi dei soldati e dell'abbigliamento di alcuni personaggi minori aprono interessanti finestre sullo stile di vita della prima meta del XIV secolo.
Frescoes of the basilica of Sant'Abbondio, Como, Italy
The current edifice rises over a pre-existing 5th century Palaeo-Christian church entitled to Sts. Peter and Paul, built by order of St. Amantius of Como, third bishop of the city. Erected c. 1 km outside the city's walls, it was intended to house several relics of the two saints which Amantius had brought from Rome.
The basilica acted as bishop's seat until 1007. Six years later bishop Alberic moved the seat within the walls. The basilica was then entrusted to the Benedictines who, between 1050 and 1095, rebuilt it in Romanesque style. The new edifice was dedicated to Amantius' successor, Abundius. The structures of the Palaeo-Christian church, discovered in 1863 during a restoration, are still marked by black and pale marble stones in the pavement.
The new basilica had a nave and four aisles. It was consecrated by pope Urban II on June 3, 1095.
The church has two notable belltowers rising at the end of the external aisles, in the middle of the nave. The sober facade, once preceded by a portico, has seven windows and a portal. Notable is the external decoration of the choir's windows. There are also Romanesque bas-reliefs and, in the apse, a notable cycle of mid-14th century frescoes. Under the high altar are the Abundius' relics.
The medieval monastery annexed to the church, recently restored, will act as the seat of the local faculty of Jurisprudence of the University of Insubria
Massacre of the Innocents fresco in the Sant'Abbonio basilica, in Como, dated 1315-24
Kiss of Judas, detail from 14th-century Life of Christ fresco cycle from apse of Basilica of Sant'Abbondio, Como, Italy, 14th century